Franchising began back in the 1850s when Issac Singer invented the sewing machine. In order to distribute his machine outside of his geographical area, and also to provide training to his employees, Singer began selling licensed to entrepreneurs in different parts of the country.
Another example is that of Ray Kroc in 1955, who took over a small chain of food franchises and built it into today's most successful fast food franchise in the world which is popularly known as McDonald's which has now the most franchise units worldwide.
Today, franchising is helping thousands of aspiring entrepreneurs to be their own boss and operate their own business. It allows entrepreneurs to be in business for themselves, and fortunately there is a much higher chances of success since the business products, services and operations have already been established.
Day by day the franchising opportunities have been changing its dynamics to keep up with the environment as well as important social trends.
So, Franchising is defined as an agreement where the manufacturer or the owner of an established enterprise gives exclusive rights of business and local distribution to small scale business owners in return for their payment of a percentage of the profits. The person offering the franchise is known as the Franchisor. The Franchisee is that small entrepreneur or retailer who gets the opportunity to enter the new business with better chances if success.
A Franchise Agreement is tbe legal document that binds the franchisor and franchisee together. This document explains what the former is expecting from the latter in running the business. The expectations must be uniform throughout the agreement.